عنوان مقاله [English]
The NGOs are one of the most important state actors. Due to useful functions of these organizations, the state has established and codified some regulations regarding their activity. This study sought to explain the issue and their activities in two legal systems of Iran and France. In Iranian legal system, some regulations exist regarding their foundation and activity which is a bit strict in comparison with France legal system. A pre-supervision in establishment time and a post-supervision after the foundation and all activities are subjects in this study which are examined in a comparative way between the two legal systems under study. One of the most prominent works of the identified legal personality for this organization is the case. The new penal trial of Iran inspired by the French Penal procedure law takes a step forward in support of the presence of the barter in the process of punishment. What is important is the legal codification about cathedral establishment of this organization based on the experience of the other legal systems including the French, so that the presence and activities of these organizations in different fields are facilitated.