نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانش آموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The difference between the two legal systems of Civil Law and Common Law has led to the formation of two different notary systems, which in the legal system of Civil Law is referred to as the “Latin notary system” and in the legal system of common law as the “Notary public system”. despite the common historical roots of both notary systems, Studies show that the institution in these two legal systems, has followed a different path of development so that the Latin notary system is very effective in achieving the legal order of society But the notary public system has not developed significantly legally, Which raises the question of what are the differences and similarities between the two notary systems And why is the notary institution more important in the civil law system than the common law system and has become an influential institution in the legal order of society? The present study using a descriptive-analytical method and a comparative approach, while examining the different legal and economic basics affecting the evolution of Latin and public notary systems in two legal families of common law and civil law, the legal nature of the notary institution, governing principles, and capabilities of notarial documents, it has been concluded that the Latin notary system is in superiority to the notary public system completely And the notary is a part of the civil law system that has infiltrated the common law system and is in conflict with the common law environment, Therefore, we do not see its growth in this legal system like the civil law system.