نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه مازندران
2 استاد گروه حقوق خصوصی، دانشگاه علوم قضایی و خدمات اداری
3 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی دانشگاه مازندران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The manufacturer of a defective sold car, as its supplier, is responsible for any loss to the consumer or the third party. The supplier's civil liability is an important issue to consider theoretically and practically. There are many questions in this regard, such as: Can any deficiency or excess be considered as a defect? What are the standards for recognition of the defects in a car? Is the definition of the paragraph "g" of Article 2 of the car Consumer Protection Act Regulation comprehensive? Through studying the issue, we will find that any deficiency or excess is not considered as a defect. The criteria for recognition of a defect include both personal and customary criteria in the Iranian Law. The personal criteria cannot be comprehensive. Therefore, it is difficult to recognize the defect. On the other hand, customary criteria can be also included the two meanings: local custom and customary person's expectations. Since a deficiency may be considered as a defect in a local custom, but not in another, considering the local custom as the criteria leads to the discrimination; however, the customary person's expectations criteria, as elected by the UK Law, seems to be 1 more comprehensive, provided that it combines with the risk-utility criteria. As a customary person's behaviors are stable in every place and time, it leads to the discrimination, with less probability. Accordingly, the definition of paragraph 1, "g" of Article 2 of the car Consumer Protection Act Regulation is not comprehensive.
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