عنوان مقاله [English]
When a sold car is defective and harms the consumer or a third party, the manufacturer is responsible, but can any deficiency or excess be considered a defect? What are the criteria for diagnosing a defective car? Definition of paragraph "g" of Article 2 of the Executive Regulations of the Law on Protection of Car Consumer Rights Is it complete and comprehensive? Criteria for diagnosing defects in Iranian law include two general cases, personal criteria and customary criteria. Personal criteria can not be comprehensive and make it difficult to identify defects. Customary criteria can also be two meanings of local custom or customary human expectations if local custom Criteria discriminate because the custom of one place may be defective and another may not know it, but as chosen in English law, it seems that the standard of ordinary human expectation can be more complete, provided that Combine risk-benefit criteria. Because the behavior of ordinary people is the same in all places and times and there is less possibility of discrimination. In this article, first the types of car defects and then its diagnostic criteria in Iran and then American and British law will be examined.