عنوان مقاله [English]
A good local government is a real and obvious reflection of good governance in which both participation and Supervision is real and objective. It also facilitates democracy and good governance at national level. More importantly, with the crisis of central national governments, local governments play a prominent role in the balanced development. In this essay, the local/urban government in Iran and Japan and their components is studied. The questions proposed in this essay include: What is the status of local government in these countries? What is the basis of the legitimacy of local government? What is the public authority of local government in exercising their power? and what is the relationship between the central and local governments and how local institutions are monitored? This article seeks to answer these questions through collecting data from various legal sources and descriptive-analytical method. This study concludes that the components of the urban government must be strengthened. In addition, in order to realize balanced development national politics in relation to local, regional and territorial planning (justice)should be changed drastically.