نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشیار گروه حقوق عمومی دانشکدۀ حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 دانشآموختۀ کارشناسی ارشد حقوق عمومی دانشگاه علامۀ طباطبایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
To understand the integrity of the constitution of a country, we must inevitably study the scope of the supervision of the constituent body on the ordinary laws and regulations. The main question is that which types of ordinary laws that are passed by the parliament are reviewed by the constitution , and what are the exceptions to this surveillance ? The study of the two countries of India and Iran has led us to believe that, there is significant emphasis in the Iranian constitution on protecting the norms of the standard of law. The same text exist in the Indian Constitution too. However, the Indian constitution better provides a review of the ordinary law and the Supreme Court, as the interpreter of the constitution, has greatly influenced the scope of this supervision . In comparison, in Iran, due to structural problems, many laws and rules are protected by the statutory supervision of the law, and the functioning of the Guardian Council has also contributed to this. Moreover , the limits imposed on the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India are often temporary and exceptional, while restrictions on the supervision of the Guardian Council in Iran are structural and permanent. The suggestion of this paper are as follows: providing progressive interpretations of the standard norm in the substantive texts by the Guardian Council, such as the prior submission of all the approvals of the pseudo-legislature to the Guardian Council, and the creation of mechanisms such as the formation of advisory workshops to supervise ordinary laws.
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