عنوان مقاله [English]
The belief on the necessity of the implementation of justice in criminal proceeding process is one of the fundamental principles for legal systems, which will be supported by creating public understanding of the proceeding process through the presence of people. In respect of this description, the purpose of public proceeding is for people to attend in proceeding sessions freely and closely observe the proceeding process and also trust the exact implementation of the laws, prosecutor’s impartiality and the existence of real judicial justice. It should be mentioned that visibility of the practices of judges and parties can help to the proceeding quality and also help issue fair verdict in tribunals a lot. In this respect, the purpose of the article is to present a general view by observing the international evolution at international tribunals from the beginning up to now, through mentioning some of the significant cases. So, the general belief obtained through the ad hoc criminal cases studying, shows the evolutionary process of this right for the accused.