نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه حقوق دانشکدۀ علوم انسانی دانشگاه زنجان
2 دانشجوی دکترای حقوق خصوصی دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامۀ طباطبایی (ره)
عنوان مقاله [English]
Producing GeneticallyModifiedfoods plays one of the key roles in addressing the increasing needs for foods. The development and increasing use of GMfoods, despite its benefits and advantages,causes itsown problems and challenges, as well .The exclusive characteristic of these types of products and the human and environment-related effects have made discussion over this issue twice assignificant .Among many legal challenges lies the problem of how to determine civil liability’s basis of these products that has brought about controversies throughout international instruments and legal systems .Available international instruments regarding this issue include TheCartagenaProtocolonBio-safety,which Iran officially joint itin1382;inaddition,Nagoya–KualaLumpurSupplementaryProtocol has been enacted on liability and redress of these products.In this paper, in view of the fact that domestic rules havenot stipulated anything regarding this issue,it’sbeen tried to determine the status of the mentioned issue in international instruments aswellas obtaining an appropriate basis conforming to Iran’s law.Byconsidering international instruments and different viewpoints in Iran’slaw,strict liability seems to be fitting and complying with both Iran’slaw and international instruments.