نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، گروه حقوق جزا و جرمشناسی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات تهران، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Criminal matters is one of the most important achievements of modern human rights. The mentioned concept is also the initiative of European Court of Human Rights and one of the important elements of the implementation of article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights. One of the main results of recognizing this concept is the fact that administrative and disciplinary violations that may not appear to have criminal aspect, are not necessarily out of the coverage of the Article 6. According to the Court, not only does the Article covers them, but it also covers some of the sanctions that may not have criminal aspect, and considers them like those with criminal aspects. One of the sanctions that European Court of Human Rights recognized is driver’s license revocation. The provision of Motor Vehicle Offences Act of 1389 in the Iranian legal system also provided driver’s license revocation after having too many points on the defendant’s driving records. The main concern of current study is comparing and contrasting criminal matters in traffic violation in the Iranian legal system and decisions made by the European Court of Human Rights. To achieve this goal, the description of criminal matters, their criteria, related sanctions for the mentioned violations, and finally the trial procedure for those violations have been examined.
ج) آرا و پروندهها