بررسی تطبیقی نقش جریمه‌های مالی در اجرای موازین رقابتی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار دانشکدۀ حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

جریمه‌های مالی در مسیر کوشش برای متوقف ساختن رویه‌های ضدرقابتی و بازدارندگی ‌بنگاه‌ها از ورود به فعالیت‌های انحصارگرایانه، حربه‌ای قدرتمند در اختیار مراجع رقابتی تلقی می‌شوند. این مقاله می‌کوشد تا در مطالعه‌ای تطبیقی، ضمن بیان ماهیت و کارکرد عمدۀ این ضمانت اجرا، قلمرو اجرایی آن را تبیین کرده، مراحل اصلی فرایند تعیین جریمه و همچنین مهم‌ترین عواملی را که در این میان نقش ایفا می‌کنند، تحلیل نماید. نتایج حاصل از مطالعۀ تطبیقی آشکار می‌سازد که موضع حقوق رقابت ایران در قبال مسئلۀ جریمۀ نقدی دچار کاستی‌های جدی بوده و موازین کلی، مجمل و دور از قواعد آن، مستلزم بازنگری اساسی و عنایت به مفاهیم و تدابیری است که در گسترۀ حقوقی کشورمان ناشناخته مانده یا نادیده گرفته شده است؛ امری که ضرورت بهره‌گیری از مطلوب‌ترین راهکارهای حقوق دیگر کشورها را به‌طور فزاینده‌ نمایان می‌سازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative Analysis on the Role of Financial Fines in Enforcement of Competition Rules

نویسنده [English]

  • Ebrahim Rahbari
Assistant-Professor of Law Faculty at Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Financial fines are regarded as a powerful implement in the hand of Competition Authorities which apply in the way of ceasing anticompetitive practices and hindering undertakings from entering into monopolization activities.  Having regarded the nature and main function of this sanction, this paper in comparative study is going to clarify executive domain and primary stages of fine determining and also the fundamental factors which should be accounted in such process. Results derived from comparative study manifest that Iranian competition law's approaches as to pecuniary fine suffer from serious deficiencies and its general, ambiguous and unusual regulations need fundamental review and attending to notions and measures which may be unrecognized or ignored in our law framework. This situation indicates the increasing importance of pursuing the most efficient solutions of other legal systems.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Financial fine
  • Competition law
  • Sanction
  • Competition Authorities
  • Anticompetitive practices

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