Document Type : Research Paper
Assistant Professor, Al-Zahra University, Iran
PhD in Public International Law, Iran
PhD Student in Public International Law, Iran
Once upon a time "slavery" was accepted by all human societies as a value and had penetrated in all aspects of human life incloding: ethics, culture and economy in human society to such an extent that it was impossible to deny it. However, during the ups and downs of human movement toward the respect for human and recognition of human rights, gradually, this false tradition became anillegal act. Hence, the International Community under the aegis of International Law accepted "the right not to be held as slaves" at the highest levels of international rules, international custom and international human rights treaties. However, today, the compound crime of "Human Trafficking" has become common in human societies as a modern form of slavery and is being discussed in international legal circles. Because in this framework human beings are regarded as objects and do not have legal subjectivity. In other words, according to this definition, they are considered as "slaves". This international crime often is applied in relation to women and children. It has become one of the problems of international community. In between, the current article also aims to explain the issue of slavery in Islamic thought; moreover, the Shia point of view is analyzed and investigated in relation to the proposed issues.